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クーベルタンとパブリック・スクール教育

近代オリンピックの創始者ピエール・ド・クーベルタン(Pierre de Coubertin)はパブリック・スクール、特にラグビー校の校長トマス・アーノルドに関心をもっていました。ピエール・ ド・ クベルタン著 大島鎌吉訳『オリンピックの回想 新版』(ベースボール・マガジン社 1976)中のカール・ディームによる「ピエール・ド・ クベルタンという人」によれば、ソルボンヌ大学で学んだ後、

“彼は次いでイギリスを訪ねたが、ウインゾアにあるジーススカレッジ Jesus College でゲルマン時代以来伝統のイギリス教育学を知って多くの収穫を得た。その教育学はスポーツの言葉でいえば、ヨーロッパの教育学よりも遥かに先の方に飛び出たものであった。クベルタンは得業士の学位をとるに当って、イギリスの精神主義者であり教育家であるラグビー公立学校長トーマス・アーノルド Thomas Arnold (1795-1842) をとり扱った。クベルタンには、現代イギリス教育に及ぼしたアーノルドの影響は、ある種のラジウム光線のように思われたからである。”(p.9-10)

英語版WikipediaのPierre de Coubertinには以下の記述があります。

“The subject which he seems to have been most deeply interested in was education, and his study focused in particular on physical education and the role of sport in schooling. In 1883, he visited England for the first time, and studied the program of physical education instituted by Thomas Arnold at the Rugby School. Coubertin credited these methods with leading to the expansion of British power during the 1800s and advocated for their use in French institutions. The inclusion of physical education in the curriculum of French schools would become an ongoing pursuit and passion of Coubertin's.[1]

In fact, Coubertin is thought to have exaggerated the importance of sport to Thomas Arnold, whom he viewed as “one of the founders of athletic chivalry”. The character-reforming influence of sport with which Coubertin was so impressed, is more likely to have originated in Tom Brown’s School Days rather than exclusively in the ideas of Arnold himself. Nonetheless, Coubertin was an enthusiast in need of a cause and he found it in England and in Thomas Arnold.[citation needed] “Thomas Arnold, the leader and classic model of English educators,” wrote Coubertin, “gave the precise formula for the role of athletics in education. The cause was quickly won. Playing fields sprang up all over England”.[9]

Intrigued by what he had read about English public schools, in 1883, at the age of twenty, Coubertin went to Rugby and to other English schools to see for himself. He described the results in a book, L’Education en Angleterre, which was published in Paris in 1888. This hero of his book is Thomas Arnold and on his second visit in 1886, he reflected on Arnold’s influence in the chapel at Rugby School.[10]”

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